Muhammad Alee Jinnah was a lawyer, politician, statesman, an influential leader and the founder of Pakistan. Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan’s independence on 14 August 1947, and then as Pakistan’s first Governor-General until his death. As a mark of respect, he is called Quaid-e-Azam by Pakistani nation which means “the great leader”. People also called him Baba-e-Quam, another phrase in the Urdu language which means “the father of the nation”. The day of his birth is a National holiday in Pakistan.
Few individuals significantly alter the course of history; fewer modify the map of the world. Hardly anyone can be credited with creating a nation-state. Muhammad Alee Jinnah did all three. (Prof.Stanely Wolpert)
Several public institutions and buildings in Pakistan bear Jinnah’s name. His pictures appear on Pakistani banknotes and coins. Karachi’s international airport is named after him. Universities in Karachi and Islamabad and many schools, colleges in other cities are created in his name.
Many other places and institutions bear his name in Pakistan and elsewhere. For example, in Turkey, a very large street is named after him. In Iran, one of the highways of its capital city Tehran bears his name and in Mumbai Jinnah Hall, a public hall is named after him. Many books, movies and TV programs tell about the life and work of Jinnah, including the biographical movie, Jinnah (movie).
Muhammad Alee Jinnah was born on 25 December 1876 in Karachi, now in Pakistan, but then part of British-controlled India. His father was a prosperous Muslim merchant. He completed his earlier education in Karachi. Then he studied at Bombay University and at Lincoln’s Inn in London. He then ran a successful legal practice in Bombay. He joined the Indian National Congress, which was the largest Indian political party. He tried his best for securing the rights of all inhabitants of sub-continent, but he faced many difficulties, soon he realized the conspiracies and grudges of Hindus for Muslims. And he joined the Muslim League in 1913. The league had formed a few years earlier to represent the interests of Indian Muslims in a predominantly Hindu country, and by 1916 he was elected its president. And successfully campaigned for an independent Pakistan and became its first leader.
Muhammad Alee Jinnah was the man of his words; never stepped back from what he said and always supported the right thing without his own interest. He rendered his undaunted efforts to create Pakistan in the name of Islam for Muslims to practice Islamic principles and code of life. He was a strict Muslim. He never compromised on Islamic principles; he disowned his only daughter for being married to a non-Muslim and refused to meet her husband.
He had been inspired by Allama Iqbal’s dream of a new country. When asked by one of the journalists whether the Muslims were a nation or not, Jinnah replied,
“We are a nation with our own distinctive culture and civilization, language and literature, art and architecture, names and nomenclature, sense of values and proportion, legal laws and moral codes, customs and calendar, history and traditions, aptitudes and ambitions, in short, we have our own distinctive outlook of life. By all canons of international law we are a nation.”
He laid great emphasis on unity of Muslim ummah. Hard work is the key to success. Muhammad Alee Jinnah’s life portrays the true picture of it. He gave Pakistani nation three guiding and the foremost principles for the success.
Unity, Faith and Discipline
His vision, determination and charismatic leadership is a source of inspiration for us as well as the leaders, think tanks and political philosophers all over the world.